Anomalous Sensitivity Enhancement of D-Shaped Fiber-Based Sandwiched Structure Optofluidic Sensor

Yatao Yang, Sankhyabrata Bandyopadhyay, Liyang Shao, Jiahao Jiang, Zeng Peng, Shuaiqi Liu, Jie Hu, Perry Ping Shum, Jiandong Hu, Xuming Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A novel mechanism of sensitivity enhancement of D-shaped fiber-based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors for the optofluidic device has been proposed. The sandwiched structure optofluidic platform is developed with metal-coated D-shaped fiber as the sensing device, while another thin metal layer is situated under the inner wall of the substrate as a second metal layer to construct the sandwiched microchannel. It has been found that the sensitivity of the D-type fiber SPR sensor is enhanced significantly with the sandwiched metal-coated structure of microchannel. In the proposed structure, the measurand analyte is considered as a sandwich channel layer between two thin metal layers. The sensitivity of the proposed structure is dependent on the volume of the measurand and the thickness of the metal layers. The computed sensitivity with a double metal layer and sandwich measurand layer concept is 4085 nm/RIU in the region of 1.33 to 1.36. The sensitivity is enhanced by more than a factor of '2.3' in comparison with the sensitivity of the normal D-shape fiber SPR sensor. It can be enhanced further up to 12,500 nm/RIU by the deposition of higher RI polymeric overlay just above the second metal layer. The computed resolution of the proposed sensor with standard interrogation technique is sim ,1times 10 {-7} which is quite competitive within the optical fiber sensor domain. A detailed numerical analysis has been accomplished. This structure will be useful in distinct chemical and biological sensing applications where the volume of an analyte is critical. This new concept of enhancement of sensitivity with limited measurand volume will open a new designing methodology for optical fiber biosensors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9107100
Pages (from-to)105207-105216
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2020


  • chemical sensors
  • Optical fiber sensors
  • optofluidic
  • surface plasmon resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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