Annealing induced refinement on optical transmission and electrical resistivity of indium tin oxide

W.-L. Hsu, C.-T. Lin, T.-H. Cheng, S.-C. Yen, C.-W. Liu, Din-ping Tsai, G.-R. Lin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of annealing condition on sputtered indium tin oxide (ITO) films on quartz with the thickness of 200 nm is characterized to show enhanced optical transparency and optimized electrical contact resistivity. The as-deposited grown ITO film exhibits only 65% and 80% transmittance at 532 and 632.8 nm, respectively. After annealing at 475°C for 15 min, the ITO film is refined to show improved transmittance at shorter wavelength region. The transmittances of 88.1% at 532 nm and 90.4% at 632.8 nm can be obtained. The 325-nm transmittance of the post-annealed ITO film is greatly increased from 12.7% to 41.9%. Optimized electrical property can be obtained when annealing below 450°C, leading to a minimum sheet resistance of 26 ?/square. Such an ITO film with enhanced ultraviolet (UV) transmittance has become an alternative candidate for applications in current UV photonic devices. The morphology and conductance of the as-deposited and annealed ITO films are determined by using an atomic force microscopy (AFM), showing a great change on the uniformity distribution with finite improvement on the surface conductance of the ITO film after annealing. © 20009 Chinese Optics Letters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-265
Number of pages3
JournalChinese Optics Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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