Analytical study on progressive pullout behavior of a soil nail

Cheng Yu Hong, Jianhua Yin, Wan Huan Zhou, Hua Fu Pei

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


During the past few decades, soil nailing has been widely used for stabilizing slopes and excavations. The nail-soil interface shear resistance in the passive zone of a slope or excavation is a critical parameter in design. In this paper, an analytical study is proposed to investigate the progressive pullout response of a soil nail. Pullout process is divided into three typical phases: (1) the initial pure elastic phase during which the nail-soil interface follows a linear elastic stress-displacement relationship; (2) the elastic-plastic phase during which a transition point presents dividing the elastic and plastic zones; and (3) the final pure plastic phase. A comparison study between calculations and laboratory test data are presented to examine the effectiveness of the method. In addition, a comprehensive parametric study is performed to assess the effects of several key factors on the pullout resistance of a soil nail. These factors include the length and diameter, length of plastic zone, and the elastic modulus of a soil nail. Main research findings are presented and discussed to gain a better understanding of the progressive interaction between soil and soil nail.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)500-507
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2012


  • Analytical study
  • Parametric study
  • Progressive interaction
  • Pullout resistance
  • Soil nail

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • General Environmental Science


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