Analytical design of non-grounded tuned mass-damper-inerter for base-excited structures

Zhenchuan Li, Kun Xu, Zixiao Wang, Kaiming Bi, Huailei Qin, Agathoklis Giaralis

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


This research contributes new analytical formulae for H optimal tuning of non-grounded tuned mass-damper-inerter (TMDI) for minimizing free-end displacement of base-excited cantilevered structures. The derivation relies on the fixed-point theory, making use of single-mode modelling of the cantilevered structure while accommodating arbitrary TMDI placement along the structural height. Optimal TMDI tuning parameters are derived for given dominant mode shape of structure and TMDI inertial properties (i.e., secondary mass and inertance) under two different types of harmonic excitations with frequency-independent displacement and acceleration amplitudes. The applicability of the derived TMDI tuning formulae for response mitigation of lightly damped cantilevered structures under stationary broadband support excitation is established through comparisons with numerically optimal TMDI properties for a wide range of TMDI inertial properties. Moreover, the analytical TMDI tuning formulae derived in this study achieve enhanced structural performance for base-excited structures compared to those from the literature, derived under various modelling assumptions and optimality criteria. Lastly, the potential of the proposed TMDI tuning for structural response mitigation is numerically evaluated by examining displacement, acceleration, and energy dissipation response history data of an experimentally identified reinforced concrete bridge pier model subjected to 100 earthquake ground motion (GM) records. Overall, reported results demonstrate that the derived analytical formulae can significantly extend the practical application of TMDI as a bona fide dynamic vibration absorber for base-excited structures by circumventing the need for computationally demanding numerical TMDI tuning optimization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109394
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2024


  • Analytical optimization design
  • Base-excited cantilevered structures
  • Non-grounded configuration
  • Tuned mass damper inerter
  • Vibration control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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