Analysis of multi-temporal landsat satellite images for monitoring land surface temperature of municipal solid waste disposal sites

Wai Yeung Yan, Prathees Mahendrarajah, Ahmed Shaker, Kamil Faisal, Robin Luong, Mohamed Al-Ahmad

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


This studypresents a remote sensing application of using time series Landsat satellite images for monitoring the Trail Road and Nepean municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal sites in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Currently, the Trail Road landfill is in operation; however, during the 1960s and 1980s, the city relied heavily on the Nepean landfill. More than 400 Landsat satellite images were acquired from the US Geological Survey (USGS) data archive between 1984 and 2011. Atmospheric correction was conducted on the Landsat images in order to derive the landfill sites’ land surface temperature (LST). The findings unveil that the average LST of the landfill was always higher than the immediate surrounding vegetation and air temperature by 4 to 10 °C and 5 to 11.5 °C, respectively. During the summer, higher differences of LST between the landfill and its immediate surrounding vegetation were apparent, while minima were mostly found in fall. Furthermore, there was no significant temperature difference between the Nepean landfill (closed) and the Trail Road landfill (active) from 1984 to 2007. Nevertheless, the LST of the Trail Road landfill was much higher than the Nepean by 15 to 20 °C after 2007. This is mainly due to the construction and dumping activities (which were found to be active within the past few years) associated with the expansion of the Trail Road landfill. The study demonstrates that the use of the Landsat data archive can provide additional and viable information for the aid of MSW disposal site monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8161-8173
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Land surface temperature
  • Landfill
  • Landfill gas
  • Landsat
  • Multi-temporal
  • Municipal solid waste
  • Remote sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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