The global k-means heuristic is a recently proposed (Likas, Vlassis and Verbeek, 2003) incremental approach for minimum sum-of-squares clustering of a set X of N points of Rdinto M clusters. For k = 2,3,..., M - 1 it considers the best-known set of k - 1 centroids previously obtained, adds a new cluster center at each point of X in turn and applies k-means to each set of k centroids so-obtained, keeping the best k-partition found. We show that global k-means cannot be guaranteed to find the optimum partition for any M ≥ 2 and d ≥ 1; moreover, the same holds for all M ≥ 3 if the new cluster center is chosen anywhere in Rdinstead of belonging to X. The empirical performance of global k-means is also evaluated by comparing the values it obtains with those obtained for three data sets with N ≤ 150 which are solved optimally, as well as with values obtained by the recent j-means heuristic and extensions thereof for three larger data sets with N ≤ 3038.
- Global k-means
- Minimum sum-of-squares
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mathematics (miscellaneous)
- Psychology (miscellaneous)
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
- Library and Information Sciences