Analysis and reduction of wrinkling defects for tube-hydroforming magnesium alloy components at elevated temperatures

Ting Fai Kong, Xianzheng Lu, Luen Chow Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Wrinkling defects commonly occur in tube hydroforming (THF) magnesium (Mg) alloy at elevated temperatures when the tube-end and axial-feeding regions of the workpiece are overheated. Most previously proposed methods for preventing such defects have been applied at room temperature and restricted by several limitations. Therefore, this paper presents a breakthrough in tool design through the appropriate control of temperature distribution of the Mg alloy AZ31B tubular material to minimise the wrinkling defects in THF at evaluated temperatures. The proposed cost-effective, simple and user-friendly collet-type device design was able to provide a non-isothermal condition for THF within an appropriate pre-heating time after die closing. An axisymmetric barrel-shaped component was taken as a prime example to demonstrate the methodology, in which various thermal potential differences between the axial-feeding and deformation regions were investigated using finite-element (FE) simulation so as to evaluate the wrinkling effects under various non-isothermal conditions. The results showed that the most satisfactory component could be obtained when the average temperatures of axial-feeding and deformation regions were around 240 and 330 °C, respectively. Subsequently, with the same approach, a wrinkle-free non-axisymmetric tubular bike-frame component was hydroformed successfully as a more realistic and practical application example.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107761
JournalMaterials and Design
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jul 2019


  • Tube hydroforming
  • Wrinkling
  • Elevated temperatures
  • Magnesium alloy
  • Tool design
  • Non-isothermal condition


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