Analysis and design of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for self-sustained pulsation operation

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19 Citations (Scopus)


The generation mechanism of self-sustained pulsation in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSEL's) is analyzed with the influence of lateral loss effects, such as self-focusing, lateral diffraction loss, and spatial hole burning, taken into consideration. The condition for self-sustained pulsation is also derived in an analytical form. It is shown that the lateral loss effects have significant influence on the excitation of self-sustained pulsation, especially for devices with small size. Furthermore, the possibility of using diffused quantum-well (QW) structures in VCSEL's to enhance self-sustained pulsation is studied. It is found that by using diffused QW structures, the range of core area to obtain self-sustained pulsation is increased. In addition, peak power and repetition frequency of the pulses can also be improved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-505
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Laser stability
  • Semiconductor device modeling
  • Semiconductor lasers
  • Surface-emitting lasers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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