An unstructured information management system (UIMS) for emergency management

Wing Bun Lee, Y. Wang, W. M. Wang, Chi Fai Cheung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Emergency management has drawn the attention of governments worldwide. It is an emerging realm for governments and organizations to respond to sudden catastrophic events rapidly and effectively during a crisis, e.g. social unrest, natural disaster, unforeseen event, and so on. There is a lot of information and knowledge involved in emergency management. The key question is how to search for the appropriate information and knowledge quickly and accurately from the massive information and knowledge based on the nature, characteristics, status and situations of the unexpected emergency in order to support the intelligent decision-making process in handling emergencies. In this paper, an unstructured information management system (UIMS) is presented for emergency management. A concept relationship model (CRM) and a dynamic knowledge flow model (DKFM) of the emergency incidence have been built to organize and represent emergency knowledge. The models can support decision-makers to have better understanding of the dependence and degree of correlation between different concepts about the emergency in order to make the appropriate decisions. The system is trial implemented in a city emergency management system and its performance is evaluated and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12743-12758
Number of pages16
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Volume39
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Emergency management
  • Knowledge elicitation
  • Knowledge management
  • Knowledge-based system
  • Multi-faceted navigation
  • Unstructured information management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence

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