An overview of surveying techniques for the construction of highway tunnels in Hong Kong

S. Y W Lam, Hong Wai Tang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes current surveying operations and aspects of the construction of highway tunnels in Hong Kong. It raises the quality control requirements; the various operations of control survey, deformation survey, detail mapping and tunnel GIS; setting-out and as-built surveys; and geometric modelling systems for the design and construction. These conceptual, functional and operational models define the roles and contributions of an engineering surveyor serving in the tunnel projects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-332
Number of pages8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development

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