An outcomes-based approach to curriculum development in pharmacy

S.S.S. Ho, D. Kember, C.B.S. Lau, M.Y.M. Au Yeung, Yin Ping Leung, M.S.S. Chow

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Objective. To implement an outcomes-based approach to pharmacy curriculum development. Design. Desired learning outcomes were identified; course content, learning activities, and assessment instruments were designed; and evaluation was conducted and feedback obtained to refine the curriculum. Assessment. All professional skills, 4 generic capabilities, and the coherence of the curriculum scales showed significant improvement compared to graduates' performance under both the old and transitional curriculum. Conclusion. An outcomes-based approach to pharmacy curriculum development provided convincing evidence of enhancement to the curriculum. Such an approach should be considered when implementing or revising pharmacy curriculum.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Assessment
  • Curriculum
  • Learning outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


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