An optimal modal coordination strategy based on modal superposition theory to mitigate low frequency oscillation in FCWG penetrated power systems

Jianqiang Luo, Siqi Bu, Fei Teng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Full converter-based wind power generation (FCWG, e.g. permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)) becomes prevalent in power electronics dominated multi-machine power system (MMPS). With flexibly modified FCWG oscillation modes (FOMs), FCWG has the potential to actuate conducive dynamic interactions with electromechanical oscillation modes (EOMs) of MMPS. In this paper, a mathematical model of FCWG and MMPS is firstly derived to examine the dynamic interactions. Then a novel modal superposition theory is proposed to classify the modal interactions between FOMs and EOMs in the complex plane for the first time. The modal coupling mechanism is graphically visualized to investigate the dynamic interactions, and the eigenvalue shift index is proposed to quantify the dynamic interaction impact on critical EOM. Based on different manifestos in modal coupling mechanism and eigenvalue shift index, a novel methodology to optimize the dynamic interactions between the FCWG and MMPS is designed within the existing control frame. The optimized dynamic interactions (i.e. modal counteraction) can significantly enhance the LFO stability of MMPS, effectiveness of which is verified by both modal analysis and time domain simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105975
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020


  • Electromechanical oscillation mode (EOM)
  • Low frequency oscillation (LFO)
  • Modal superposition
  • Optimized interaction
  • Permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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