An optimal control framework for multi-region macroscopic fundamental diagram systems with time delay, considering route choice and departure time choice

Renxin Zhong, Yunping Huang, Jianhui Xiong, Nan Zheng, William Lam, Agachai Sumalee

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Macroscopic fundamental diagram (MFD) has been used for aggregate modeling of urban traffic network dynamics under stationary traffic assumption for dynamic taxi dispatching, vehicle relocation and dynamic pricing schemes to tackle the dimensionality problem of microscopic approaches. A city is assumed to be partitioned into several regions with each admits a well-defined MFD. Integrating state-dependent regional travel time function as an endogenous time-varying delay, the MFD model with time delay, is adopted to describe the traffic dynamics within a region. On the other hand, it is necessary to enable simultaneous route choice and departure time choice under the MFD framework for various applications such as vehicle dispatching and relocation. This paper presents an optimal control framework to model dynamic user equilibria (DUE) with simultaneous route choice behavior and departure time choice for general urban networks. Necessary conditions for the DUE are analytically derived through the lens of Pontryagin minimum principle. In contrast to existing analytical methods, the proposed method is applicable for general MFD systems without approximation schemes of the equilibrium solution. Numerical examples by time discretization are conducted to illustrate the characteristics of DUE and corresponding dynamic external costs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, ITSC 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728103235
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event21st IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2018 - Maui, United States
Duration: 4 Nov 20187 Nov 2018

Publication series

NameIEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC


Conference21st IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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