An initial exploration of the cross-cultural validity of the global citizenship scale in the Hong Kong setting

K.W.K. Lo, K.P. Kwan, Grace Ngai, S.C.F. Chan

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic research


International service-learning programmes have been increasingly explored and integrated into the curriculum of tertiary education (Smith et al., 2013). Studies support the benefits to students from these projects, including gains in critical thinking skills, integration of theory and practices and global citizenship (Hartman, 2009). However, existing research has largely ignored the development of a systematic metric to measure the impact of international service projects on university students. In this study, we conducted an initial exploration of the Global Citizenship Scale (GCS) (Morais & Ogden, 2010). Eighty-six students from a university in Hong Kong who participated in four international service-learning subjects and one project were surveyed and their responses were analyzed. Results show that the subscales of GCS have good internal consistency and the factor analysis provides partial support for the proposed seven-factor model. These findings support further explorations of the cross-cultural validity of GCS for Hong Kong students.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 1st International Conference on Service-Learning, Nov 20-21, 2014, Hong Kong
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event1st International Conference on Service-Learning [ICSL] - , Hong Kong
Duration: 20 Nov 201421 Nov 2014


Conference1st International Conference on Service-Learning [ICSL]
Country/TerritoryHong Kong


  • Service-learning
  • Global citizenship
  • Factor analysis
  • Scale development


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