An Improved Semisoft Threshold Algorithm and Its Evaluation for Denoising Random Walk in GNSS Time Series

Hao Wu, Tingquan Cao, Xianghong Hua, Jingui Zou, Wenzhong Shi, Nan Lu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The differences in the satellite orbit and signal quality of global navigation satellite positioning system, resulting in the complexity of random walk noise in GNSS time series, has become a bottleneck problem in applying GNSS technology to the high precision deformation monitoring industry. For the complex characteristics of random walk noise, small magnitude, low frequency and low sensitivity, an improved semisoft threshold algorithm is presented. Then it forms a unified system of semisoft threshold function, so as to improve the adaptability of conventional semisoft threshold for random walk noise. In order to verify and evaluate the effect of improved semisoft threshold algorithm, MATLAB platform is used to generate a linear trend, periodic and random walk noise of the GNSS time series, a total of 1700 epochs. The results show that the improved semisoft threshold method is better than the classical method, and has better performance in the SNR and root mean square error. The evaluation results show that the morphological character has been performanced high consistency between the noise reduced by improved method with random walk noise. Further from the view of quantitative point, the evaluation results of spectral index analysis verify the applicability of the improved method for random walk noise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-30
Number of pages9
JournalCehui Xuebao/Acta Geodaetica et Cartographica Sinica
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • GNSS
  • Improved semisoft threshold algorithm
  • Random walk noise
  • Time series analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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