An experimental study of trailing edge noise from a heaving airfoil: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

T. Zhou, X. Zhang, S. Zhong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


In this study, the far-field noise and near-field flow properties from a heaving NACA 0012 airfoil at the Reynolds number of 6.6 × 10 4 were investigated experimentally in a 0.4 m 2 anechoic wind tunnel. The airfoil had an incident angle of 0° and followed a sinusoidal heaving motion. The Strouhal number, controlled by changing the heaving frequency and amplitude, varied from 0.0024 to 0.008. The acoustic properties were measured by a free-field microphone placed at a distance of 1.2 m away from the tunnel central line, and the flow structures near the trailing edge were acquired using the particle image velocimetry. It was found that the heaving motion could reduce the sound pressure level (SPL) of the primary peak in the time-averaged spectra. The spectrograms obtained by the short-time Fourier transform revealed that the discrete tones were produced when the airfoil passed through the maximum heaving position. During the corresponding period, a sequence of large-scaled vortices convected on the airfoil surface was observed, and then was shed from the trailing edge to the wake region at the same frequency as the primary tone of the induced sound. With the increase of Strouhal number, the sound signals tended to be broadband, and the overall SPL was increased in the far field. © 2020 Acoustical Society of America.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4020-4031
Number of pages12
JournalJ. Acoust. Soc. Am.
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Acoustic properties
  • Airfoils
  • Reynolds number
  • Strouhal number
  • Velocity measurement
  • Wind tunnels
  • Airfoil surfaces
  • Anechoic wind tunnels
  • Far-field noise
  • Near field flow
  • Particle image velocimetries
  • Short time Fourier transforms
  • Sound pressure level
  • Trailing edge noise
  • Acoustic noise


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