An experimental study of compression behavior of warp-knitted spacer fabric

Yanping Liu, Hong Hu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents an experimental study of the compression behavior of a typical warp-knitted spacer fabric which is specially developed as a cushioning material for human body protection. The fabric has a highly heterogeneous and discontinuous structure and exhibits a complicated compression behavior. Different test boundary conditions and sample sizes were first adopted to conduct compression tests of the fabric. Then, the compression behavior of the fabric was analyzed based on its compression load-displacement curve obtained under a selected test condition. The potential compression mechanism of the fabric was identified with support of the image analysis of the fabric structure at different compression stages. The study provides some useful information for designing warp-knitted spacer fabrics for impact protection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-69
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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