An existential conceptualization of the vacation cycle

Ksenia Kirillova, Xinran Lehto

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


Utilizing the notions of existential authenticity and normal anxiety, we propose the five-phase model of vacation cycle and elucidate mechanisms behind vacation and fade-out effects. Departing from a purely philosophical view on existential authenticity, we focus on its understanding via the existential psychology lenses, arguing that existential authenticity is a relative, dynamic, and four-dimensional concept. Supported by the current empirical evidences and theoretical advancements in existential psychology, this study posits that, accompanied by anxiety fluctuations, authenticity varies during a vacation across four dimensions of human existence: Umwelt, Mitwelt, Eigenwelt, and Uberwelt. We suggest that these changes are associated with vacation (when evoked by liminality and awe) and fade-out effects (when prompted by the lack of existential courage and anxiety tranquilization).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-123
Number of pages14
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015


  • Existential anxiety
  • Existential authenticity
  • Fade-out effect
  • Vacation
  • Wellness tourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Cite this