An Examination of the Microscopic Simulation Models to Identify Traffic Safety Indicators

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evaluating the safety of different traffic facilities is a complex and crucial task. Microscopic simulation models have been widely used for traffic management but have been largely neglected in traffic safety studies. Microsimulation to study safety is more ethical and accessible than the traditional safety studies, which only assess historical crash data. However, current microscopic models are unable to mimic unsafe driver behavior, as they are based on presumptions of safe driver behavior. This highlights the need for a critical examination of the current microscopic models to determine which components and parameters have an effect on safety indicator reproduction. The question then arises whether these safety indicators are valid indicators of traffic safety. The safety indicators were therefore selected and tested for straight motorway segments in Brisbane, Australia. This test examined the capability of a micro-simulation model and presents a better understanding of micro-simulation models and how such models, in particular car following models can be enriched to present more accurate safety indicators. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-81
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Car following model
  • Microscopic simulation models
  • Motorways
  • Safety indicators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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