An empirical survey of the benefits of implementing pay for safety scheme (PFSS) in the Hong Kong construction industry

Wai Ming Chan, Ping Chuen Chan, Tracy N.Y. Choi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) has implemented different safety initiatives to improve the safety performance of the construction industry over the past decades. The Pay for Safety Scheme (PFSS), which is one of the effective safety measures launched by the government in 1996, has been widely adopted in the public works contracts. Both the accident rate and fatality rate of public sector projects have decreased noticeably over this period. Method: This paper aims to review the current state of application of PFSS in Hong Kong, and attempts to identify and analyze the perceived benefits of PFSS in construction via an industry-wide empirical questionnaire survey. A total of 145 project participants who have gained abundant handson experience with the PFSS construction projects were requested to complete a survey questionnaire to indicate the relative importance of those benefits identified in relation to PFSS. The perceived benefits were measured and ranked from the perspectives of the client and contractor for crosscomparison. Results: The survey findings suggested the most significant benefits derived from adopting PFSS were: (a) Increased safety training; (b) Enhanced safety awareness; (c) Encouragement of developing safety management system; and (d) Improved safety commitment. A wider application of PFSS should be advocated so as to achieve better safety performance within the construction industry. Impact on Industry: It is recommended that a similar scheme to the PFSS currently adopted in Hong Kong may be developed for implementation in other regions or countries for international comparisons.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-443
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Safety Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2010


  • Benefits
  • Construction industry
  • Hong Kong
  • Pay for Safety Scheme (PFSS)
  • Safety performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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