An empirical study on using virtual reality for enhancing the youth's intercultural sensitivity in Hong Kong

Chen Li, Horace H.S. Ip, Yuen M. Wong, Wing S. Lam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


According to the census data published by the government in 2016, 92% of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region population is ethnic Chinese, while the number of ethnic minorities increased significantly by around 70% over the past decade. Enhancing the youth’s intercultural sensitivity is becoming critical. Although many of the schools start to provide intercultural sensitivity training as extra-curriculum activities, students often find them unattractive while teachers question their effectiveness. In this paper, we present a virtual reality enabled approach for enhancing the youth’s intercultural sensitivity. The objective is to design and develop an approach that can benefit from using virtual reality to deliver the instructional materials, making the learning more effective. A total number of three different virtual reality learning scenarios have been created, covering topics such as views of marriage and family, religious beliefs, and language barrier. The empirical study found significantly increase of intercultural sensitivity among the 67 qualified participants after joining the session. The calculated linear regression model also suggested that the participants’ perceived motivation from the virtual reality learning content positively contributed to the intercultural sensitivity increase, while interestingly the perceived enjoyment during the virtual reality exposure may negatively affected the learning outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-635
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Learning
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • instructional material motivation
  • intercultural sensitivity
  • virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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