An empirical analysis of public transit networks using smart card data in Beijing, China

Ahmad M. Senousi, Xintao Liu, Junwei Zhang, Jianwei Huang, Wenzhong Shi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Most existing studies on public transit network (PTN) rely on either small-scale passenger flow data or small PTN, and only traditional network parameters are used to calculate the correlation coefficient. In this work, the real smart card data (SCD) (when passenger tap in and tap out a station) of over eight million users is used as a proxy of passenger flow to dynamically explore and evaluate the structure of large-scale PTNs with tens of thousands of stations in Beijing, China. Three types of large-scale PTNs are generated, and the overall network structure of PTNs are examined and found to follow heavy-tailed distributions (mostly power law). Further, three traditional centrality measures (i.e. degree, betweenness and closeness) are adopted and modified to dynamically explore the relationship between PTNs and passenger flow. Our findings show that, the modified centrality measures outperform the traditional centrality measures in estimating passenger flow.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGeocarto International
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • correlation analysis
  • network centrality
  • passenger flow
  • public transport systems
  • Smart card data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'An empirical analysis of public transit networks using smart card data in Beijing, China'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this