An elegant coupling: Freeze-casting and versatile polymer composites

Jie Yang, Wei Yang, Wei Chen, Xiaoming Tao

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


The innovations of materials science and modern technologies are boosting the prosperity of polymer composites in various emerging multi-disciplinary fields. Cooperating with the conventional and emerging processing methods, the freeze-casting (ice-templating) technique is attracting interest in the assembling of three-dimensional structural materials (3D-SMs) accompanying the growth of ice crystals. These unique 3D-SMs with isotropic, cellular, lamellar and radially aligned structures have enabled to fabricate multifunctional polymer composites as diverse as mechanically reinforced materials, electrically conductive materials, thermally conductive materials, thermally insulating materials, adsorbents, energy-related materials, biomaterials, and many more. Herein, the working principles and methodologies of ice-templating strategy and its recent advances in shaping and structuring of 3D-SMs and production of corresponding multifunctional polymer composites are summarized. Finally, directions and prospects lying ahead are highlighted, involving the structure designs, processing routes and potential applications. Freeze-casting has manifested responsibilities for producing advanced functional composites. What is it being prepared to do?

Original languageEnglish
Article number101289
JournalProgress in Polymer Science
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Freeze-casting
  • Ice-templating principles
  • Multifunctional polymer composites
  • Three-dimensional structural materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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