An efficient electrocatalyst as cathode material for solid oxide fuel cells: BaFe0·95Sn0·05O3−δ

Feifei Dong, Meng Ni, Wei He, Yubo Chen, Guangming Yang, Dengjie Chen, Zongping Shao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


The B-site substitution with the minor amount of tin in BaFeO3−δparent oxide is expected to stabilize a single perovskite lattice structure. In this study, a composition of BaFe0·95Sn0·05O3−δ(BFS) as a new cathode material for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) is synthesized and characterized. Special attention is paid to the exploration of some basic properties including phase structure, oxygen non-stoichiometry, electrical conductivity, oxygen bulk diffusion coefficient, and surface exchange coefficient, which are of significant importance to the electrochemical activity of cathode materials. BFS holds a single cubic perovskite structure over temperature range of cell operation, determined by in-situ X-ray diffraction and scanning transmission electron microscope. A high oxygen vacancy concentration at cell operating temperatures is observed by combining thermo-gravimetric data and iodometric titration result. Furthermore, electrical conductivity relaxation measurement illustrates the fast oxygen bulk diffusion and surface exchange kinetics. Accordingly, testing cells based on BFS cathode material demonstrate the low polarization resistance of 0.033 Ω cm2and high peak power density of 1033 mW cm−2at 700 °C, as well as a relatively stable long-term operation for ∼300 h. The results obtained suggest that BFS perovskite oxide holds a great promise as an oxygen reduction electrocatalyst for IT-SOFCs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-465
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2016


  • Cathode
  • Doped-BaFeO 3−δ
  • Electrocatalyst
  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • Tin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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