An Analytical Study for Nonlinear Free and Forced Vibration of Electrostatically Actuated MEMS Resonators

S. K. Lai, X. Yang, C. Wang, W. J. Liu

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8 Citations (Scopus)


This work aims to construct accurate and simple lower-order analytical approximation solutions for the free and forced vibration of electrostatically actuated micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) resonators, in which geometrical and material nonlinearities are induced by the mid-plane stretching, dynamic pull-in characteristics, electrostatic forces and other intrinsic properties. Due to the complexity of nonlinear MEMS systems, the quest of exact closed-form solutions for these problems is hardly obtained for system design and analysis, in particular for harmonically forced nonlinear systems. To examine the simplicity and effectiveness of the present analytical solutions, two illustrative cases are taken into consideration. First, the free vibration of a doubly clamped microbeam suspended on an electrode due to a suddenly applied DC voltage is considered. Based on the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory and the von Karman type nonlinear kinematics, the dynamic motion of the microbeam is further discretized by the Galerkin method to an autonomous system with general nonlinearity, which can be solved analytically by using the Newton harmonic balance method. In addition to large-amplitude free vibration, the primary resonance response of a doubly clamped microbeam driven by two symmetric electrodes is also investigated, in which the microbeam is actuated by a bias DC voltage and a harmonic AC voltage. Following the same decomposition approach, the governing equation of a harmonically forced beam model can be transformed to a nonautonomous system with odd nonlinearity only. Then, lower-order analytical approximation solutions are derived to analyze the steady-state resonance response of such a problem under a combination of various DC and AC voltage effects. Finally, the analytical approximation results of both cases are validated, and they are in good agreement with those obtained by the standard Runge-Kutta method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1950072
JournalInternational Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019


  • Analytical approximations
  • free and forced vibration
  • MEMS resonators
  • nonlinear dynamics
  • primary resonance response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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