The finite element method has widely been used to discretize the Helmholtz equation with various types of boundary conditions. The strong indefiniteness of the Helmholtz equation makes it difficult to establish stability estimates for the numerical solution. In particular, discontinuous Galerkin methods for the Helmholtz equation with a high wave number result in very large matrices since they typically have more degrees of freedom than conforming methods. However, hybridizable discontinuous Galerkin (HDG) methods offer an attractive alternative because they have built-in stabilization mechanisms and a reduced global linear system. In this paper, we study HDG methods for the Helmholtz equation with a first-order absorbing boundary condition in two and three dimensions. We prove that the proposed HDG methods are stable (hence well posed) without any mesh constraint. The stability constant is independent of the polynomial degree. By using a projection-based error analysis, we also derive the error estimates in the L2norm for piecewise polynomial spaces with arbitrary degree.
- Helmholtz equation
- hybridizable discontinuous Galerkin methods
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics