An age-structured within-host HIV model with T-cell competition

Yan Wang, Kaihui Liu, Yijun Lou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we formulate an age-structured within-host HIV model, in the form of a hyperbolic partial differential equation (PDE) for infected target cells coupled with two ordinary differential equations for uninfected T-cells and the virions, to explore the effects of both the T-cell competition and viral shedding variations on the viral dynamics. The basic reproduction number is derived for a general viral production rate which determines the local stability of the infection-free equilibrium. Two special forms of viral production rates, which are extensively investigated in previous literature, the delayed exponential distribution and a step function rate, are further investigated, where the original system can be reduced into systems of delay differential equations. It is confirmed that there exists a unique positive equilibrium for two special viral production rates when the basic reproduction number is greater than one. However, the model exhibits the phenomenon of backward bifurcation, where two positive steady states coexist with the infection-free equilibrium when the basic reproduction number is less than one.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalNonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications
Volume38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Age-structured model
  • Backward bifurcation
  • Competition
  • HIV
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Medicine(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

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