This paper presents a novel adaptive spatially constrained fuzzy c-means (ASCFCM) algorithm for multispectral remotely sensed imagery clustering by incorporating accurate local spatial and grey-level information. In this algorithm, a novel weighted factor is introduced considering spatial distance and membership differences between the centred pixel and its neighbours simultaneously. This factor can adaptively estimate the accurate spatial constrains from neighbouring pixels. To further enhance its robustness to noise and outliers, a novel prior probability function is developed by integrating the mutual dependency information in the neighbourhood to obtain accurate spatial contextual information. The proposed algorithm is free of any experimentally adjusted parameters and totally adaptive to the local image content. Not only the neighbourhood but also the centred pixel terms of the objective function are all accurately estimated. Thus, the ASCFCM enhances the conventional fuzzy c-means (FCM) algorithm by producing homogeneous regions and reducing the edge blurring artefact simultaneously. Experimental results using a series of synthetic and real-world images show that the proposed ASCFCM outperforms the competing methodologies, and hence provides an effective unsupervised method for multispectral remotely sensed imagery clustering.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Earth and Planetary Sciences