Amphiphilic Core–Shell Nanocomposite Particles for Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Lianghui Chen, Dechao Niu, Cheng Hao Lee, Yuan Yao, Ki Lui, Kin Man Ho, Pei Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

KGaA, Weinheim A scalable synthesis of magnetic core–shell nanocomposite particles, acting as a novel class of magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agents, has been developed. Each nanocomposite particle consists of a biocompatible chitosan shell and a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) core where multiple aggregated γ-Fe2O3nanoparticles are confined within the hydrophobic core. Properties of the nanocomposite particles including their chemical structure, particle size, size distribution, and morphology, as well as crystallinity of the magnetic nanoparticles and magnetic properties were systematically characterized. Their potential application as an MR contrast agent has been evaluated. Results show that the nanocomposite particles have good stability in biological media and very low cytotoxicity in both L929 mouse fibroblasts (normal cells) and HeLa cells (cervical cancer cells). They also exhibited excellent MR imaging performance with a T2relaxivity of up to 364 mMFe−1s−1. An in vivo MR test performed on a naked mouse bearing breast tumor indicates that the nanocomposite particles can localize in both normal liver and tumor tissues. These results suggest that the magnetic core–shell nanocomposite particles are an efficient, inexpensive and safe T2-weighted MR contrast agent for both liver and tumor MR imaging in cancer therapy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)756-763
Number of pages8
JournalParticle and Particle Systems Characterization
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • core–shell nanocomposites
  • magnetic nanoparticles
  • MRI contrast agents
  • T relaxivity 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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