Ambient assisted living technologies for older adults with cognitive and physical impairments: A review

B. Ganesan, T. Gowda, A. Al-Jumaily, K. N.K. Fong, S. K. Meena, R. K.Y. Tong

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


The global number of people over the age of 60 years is expected to increase from 970 million to 2.1 billion in 2050 and 3.1 billion in 2100. About 80% of the aging population will be in the developing countries. Aging population may suffer from various physical, cognitive, and social problems, due to aging process such as impairment of physical related functions (decreased mobility and walking speed, falls, frailty, decreased walking speed, difficulties in basic, and instrumental activities of daily living), cognitive related functions (memory-related issues), sensory functions (hearing loss, cataracts and refractive errors, presbyopia, decreased vestibular function), behavioural and psychological disorders, social isolation issues, and poor quality of life. Over the period of the last few decades, emerging technologies such as internet of things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), sensors, cloud computing, wireless communication technologies, and assistive robotics have given the vision to develop various ambient or active assisted living (AAL) approaches for supporting an elderly people to live safely and independently in their living environment and participate in their daily and community activities, as well as supporting them to maintain their physical, mental health, and quality of their life. The aim of this paper is to review the use of Ambient or Active Assisted Living for older adults with physical, cognitive impairments, and their social participation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10470-10481
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • AAL
  • Aging
  • Ambient assisted living technologies
  • Ambient or Active Assisted Living
  • Cognitive impairments
  • Older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)


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