Aluminum tubular sections subjected to web crippling-Part II: Proposed design equations

Ben Young, F. Zhou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The web crippling design rules in the current American Aluminum Design Manual, Australian/New Zealand Standard, and European code for aluminum structures are assessed. Test strengths of aluminum square and rectangular hollow sections under end-two-flange (ETF) and interior-two-flange (ITF) loading conditions are compared with the design strengths (capacities) obtained using the aforementioned specifications. Furthermore, the test strengths are also compared with the design strengths obtained using the unified web crippling equation as specified in the North American Specification for cold-formed steel structural members. It is shown that the design strengths predicted by the aforementioned specifications are either quite conservative or unconservative, but in general the predictions are unreliable resulting from reliability analysis. Hence, two different unified web crippling equations for aluminum square and rectangular hollow sections under ETF and ITF loading conditions are proposed. The proposed unified design equation (A) uses the same technique as the North American Specification for the unified web crippling equation with new coefficients of C, CN and Ch determined based on the test results obtained in this study. The proposed unified design equation (B) is similar to the unified web crippling equation in the NAS Specification, and the effect of the ratio N/h is also considered, where N is bearing length and h is the depth of the flat portion of web. Generally, it is shown that the proposed unified web crippling equation (B) compares well with the test results. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-361
Number of pages10
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aluminum
  • Metal structures
  • Proposed design equation
  • Reliability analysis
  • Square and rectangular hollow sections
  • Web crippling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering

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