Aluminum electrolysis derivative spent cathodic carbon for dendrite-free Li metal anode

Tiancheng Liu, Zezhou Lin, Dong Wang, Man Zhang, Qiyang Hu, Lei Tan, Yingpeng Wu, Xi Zhang, Haitao Huang, Jiexi Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Li metal anode is one of the most promising anodes for next-generation high-energy-density batteries. However, some lethal challenges, such as Li dendrite, inferior coulombic efficiency, and infinite volume change during repeated Li plating/stripping restrict its practical application. Although carbon-based materials are ideal hosts for Li deposition, unsatisfied lithiophilic property and vulnerable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) film still remain unsolved. Herein, we report the fluorinated mesoporous carbon (FMC) nanosheets derived from spent cathodic carbon of aluminum electrolysis as a versatile dendrite-free current collector. Two types of C–F bonds are discovered in FMC. One is C(sp2)-F, which serves as lithiophilic site for Li nucleation with reduced barrier. The other is C(sp3)-F, which breaks to produce extra LiF during Li deposition, facilitating the formation of stable LiF-rich SEI film. The synergistically designed Li@FMC|LiFePO4 full cells demonstrate improved cycling performance with high coulombic efficiency. This work provides possibility for direct utilization of waste electro-carbon in energy storage application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100465
JournalMaterials Today Energy
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020


  • 3D current collector
  • F-doped mesoporous carbon
  • Li dendrite
  • Li nucleation
  • Lithium fluoride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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