Alteration of xylose reductase coenzyme preference to improve ethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae from high xylose concentrations

Mingyong Xiong, Guohua Chen, John Barford

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A K270R mutation of xylose reductase (XR) was constructed by site-direct mutagenesis. Fermentation results of the F106X and F106KR strains, which carried wild type XR and K270R respectively, were compared using different substrate concentrations (from 55 to 220. g/L). After 72. h, F106X produced less ethanol than xylitol, while F106KR produced ethanol at a constant yield of 0.36. g/g for all xylose concentrations. The xylose consumption rate and ethanol productivity increased with increasing xylose concentrations in F106KR strain. In particular, F106KR produced 77.6. g/L ethanol from 220. g/L xylose and converted 100. g/L glucose and 100. g/L xylose into 89.0. g/L ethanol in 72. h, but the corresponding values of F106X strain are 7.5 and 65.8. g/L. The ethanol yield of F106KR from glucose and xylose was 0.42. g/g, which was 82.3% of the theoretical yield. These results suggest that the F106KR strain is an excellent producer of ethanol from xylose.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9206-9215
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume102
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ethanol
  • Redox imbalance
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Xylose
  • Xylose reductase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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