“All that's best of dark and bright”: Day and night perceptions of Hong Kong cityscape

Wei-Jue Huang, Philip Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Tourists can go sightseeing at various hours of the day. This study compared visitors’ perceptions of the same “sight” at daytime and nighttime, and examined how perceptions relate to visitor characteristics (i.e., nationality and circadian rhythm). Focus groups were conducted to identify the day and night brand personality of the cityscape of Hong Kong as seen from atop Victoria Peak. Afterwards, a quasi-experimental design was employed, with day-or-night video of the view as the treatment variable. Questionnaires were administered in Hong Kong and the United States for cross-cultural comparison. More significant differences were observed in the Hong Kong sample than in the USA sample. Findings revealed that “night” had more personality, in that the night view generally received higher ratings. “Day” had a more distinctive personality, which was perceived differently by “early birds” and “night owls” in Hong Kong, and more relatable to USA respondents than to Hong Kong respondents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-286
Number of pages13
JournalTourism Management
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018


  • Brand personality
  • Cityscape
  • Destination image
  • Night tourism
  • Nightscape
  • Visitor perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Transportation
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Strategy and Management


Dive into the research topics of '“All that's best of dark and bright”: Day and night perceptions of Hong Kong cityscape'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this