Airborne infection risk of nearby passengers in a cabin environment and implications for infection control

C. T. Wang, J. C. Xu, S. C. Fu, Christopher Y.H. Chao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Expiratory droplets cause high infection risk to nearby passengers via airborne route. Methods: We built a two-row four-seat setup to simulate a public transport cabin. A cough generator and a nebulizer were used to simulate the cough and talk processes respectively. Exposure and infection risk of nearby passengers was studied. The effect of gasper jet and backrest on risk mitigation was investigated. Results: For the activity of coughing, the front passenger has much higher infection risk, which was around four times of that of other passengers, because of the concentration surge in the inhalation zone. For talking, the nearby passengers have similar infection risk because nearby passengers were all exposed to concentration surges with similar peak value. Gasper jet of the infected passenger and higher backrest can extinguish or reduce the concentration surge of front passengers and reduce the infection risk due to coughing and talking droplets. Conclusion: The passengers near the infected passenger have very high infection risk. The overhead gasper and a higher backrest can reduce the exposure and mitigate the risk of infection. It is believed that the control measures to protect nearby passengers are urgently needed in public transport cabins.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102285
JournalTravel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Volume47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022

Keywords

  • Backrest
  • Covid-19
  • Gasper jet
  • Personalized ventilation
  • Public transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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