Air flow through the door opening induced by a room fire under different ventilation factors

N. Cai, Wan Ki Chow

Research output: Journal article publicationConference articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Air flow through the door opening induced by a room fire was studied by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) version 5 in this paper. There are two key problems in applying CFD. The first one is on design fire boundaries, and the second one the computing grid size. Consequently, many arguments were raised in fire hazard assessment for projects applying performance-based design in providing fire safe design. Prescribed input heating rate based on the experimental results was used in FDS. Three fire scenarios based on different ventilation conditions were simulated. Different boundary conditions were investigated to evaluate free open boundary conditions in applying CFD to predict heat release rate (HRR) and the air flow through the opening. The effects of open boundary conditions on HRR and pressure distribution at the opening plan under different ventilation factors were analyzed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-131
Number of pages7
JournalProcedia Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012
Event2012 International Symposium on Safety Science and Engineering in China, ISSSE 2012 - Beijing, China
Duration: 7 Nov 20129 Nov 2012


  • Air flow rate
  • CFD
  • Free boundary
  • Ventilation factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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