This paper reviews the AIM 2019 challenge on extreme image super-resolution, the problem of restoring of rich details in a low resolution image. Compared to previous, this challenge focuses on an extreme upscaling factor, ×16, and employs the novel DIVerse 8K resolution (DIV8K) dataset. This report focuses on the proposed solutions and final results. The challenge had 2 tracks. The goal in Track 1 was to generate a super-resolution result with high fidelity, using the conventional PSNR as the primary metric to evaluate different methods. Track 2 instead focused on generating visually more pleasant super-resolution results, evaluated using subjective opinions. The two tracks had 71 and 52 registered participants, respectively, and 9 teams competed in the final testing phase. This report gauges the experimental protocol and baselines for the extreme image super-resolution task.