Aerosol-assisted flow synthesis of B-doped, Ni-doped and B-Ni-codoped TiO2solid and hollow microspheres for photocatalytic removal of NO

Yu Huang, Wingkei Ho, Zhihui Ai, Xiao Song, Lizhi Zhang, Shuncheng Lee

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

108 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, highly effective B-doped, Ni-doped and B-Ni-codoped TiO2microspheres photocatalysts were directly synthesized via an aerosol-assisted flow synthesis method. The resulting samples were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption and XPS. The characterizations revealed hollow microspherical structure of the B-doped and B-Ni-codoped TiO2photocatalysts, while the Ni-doped and undoped TiO2products consisted of solid microspheres. It was found that the boron dopant was partially embedded into the interstitial TiO2structure, existing in the form of Ti-O-B structure. The band gap was enlarged after the boron doping. However, both Ni-doped and B-Ni-codoped TiO2samples showed obvious red shift in their absorption edges because of the Ni doping. The photocatalytic activities of these samples were evaluated on the photocatalytic removal of NO under simulated solar light irradiation. All the aerosol-assisted flow synthesized samples had much higher photocatalytic activities than P25 and the doped TiO2microspheres exhibited enhanced photocatalytic activity than the undoped counterparts. More interestingly, the B-Ni-codoped TiO2photocatalyst possessed superior photocatalytic activity to the as-prepared single doped TiO2products. The enhanced photocatalytic activity was explained and the formation mechanisms of hollow and solid microspheres were also proposed on the basis of characterizations. We think this general method may be easily scaled up for industrial production of highly active microspherical photocatalysts for efficient NO removal under simulated solar light irradiation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-405
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2009


  • Aerosol-assisted flow synthesis
  • B
  • Doped
  • Ni
  • NO removal
  • Photocatalysis
  • TiO 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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