Aerodynamic response of high-speed trains under crosswind in a bridge-tunnel section with or without a wind barrier

E. Deng, Weichao Yang, Xuhui He, Zhihui Zhu, Hanfeng Wang, Youwu Wang, Ang Wang, Lei Zhou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


High-speed trains experience a sharp transition to a strong crosswind environment when running in a bridge–tunnel section due to the perennial prevailing crosswind in the canyon, and this sudden transition seriously affects train safety. In this study, a 3D computational fluid dynamics numerical model of the train–tunnel–bridge–wind barrier is established based on the delayed detached eddy simulation turbulence model and porous media theory. A dynamic analysis model of wind–train–bridge coupling is adopted. The effects of wind barrier with a height of 3 ​m and porosity of 30% on the aerodynamic coefficient, flow field structure and running safety of high-speed trains under crosswind in the bridge–tunnel section are studied. Results indicate that the sharp change effect of the aerodynamic coefficient is significantly weakened by more than 50% by the wind barrier. The aerodynamic fluctuation amplitudes in the bridge–tunnel section are 1.25–5.5 times higher than those in the bridge section. The difference in pressure distribution in the longitudinal direction is significantly reduced because of the obstruction and diversion of the wind barrier and the space limitation on the windward side. Accordingly, the change in amplitude of the aerodynamic coefficients in the bridge–tunnel section is reduced, and so is the safety of train operation. The bridge–tunnel section is the weak link of safety control. Using a wind barrier with the same parameters for the bridge and bridge–tunnel sections is unreasonable, that is, the parameters should be separately designed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104502
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • Aerodynamic response
  • Bridge–tunnel section
  • Flow field structure
  • High-speed train
  • Running safety
  • Wind barrier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Mechanical Engineering

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