Advances in coupled use of renewable energy sources for performance enhancement of vapour compression heat pump: A systematic review of applications to buildings

Jingyu Cao, Ling Zheng, Jinqing Peng, Wenjie Wang, Michael K.H. Leung, Zhanying Zheng, Mingke Hu, Qiliang Wang, Jingyong Cai, Gang Pei, Jie Ji

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vapour compression heat pump provides efficient cooling and heating through the use of various renewable energy sources and plays a significant role in the energy conservation of modern buildings. Its performance enhancement gains increasing attention under the background of conventional energy and environmental crisis. Since the efficiency of a heat pump cycle is closely related to its thermal source condition, a stable high-temperature heat source or low-temperature cold source could benefit its heating or cooling efficiency a lot. Following this improvement strategy, significant progress has been made over the past years on the use of different renewable energy sources as coupled thermal sources of heat pumps. However, a specialised review that summarises relevant studies remains to be published. This paper aims at presenting operating mechanisms, characteristics, benefits, and limitations of different energy source coupling methods for heat pump performance enhancement towards its building application. The most concerning research on solar-assisted air source heat pumps, solar-assisted ground source heat pumps, and air-ground dual source heat pumps is emphasised. The existing thermal source coupling attempts under other renewable energy fields, such as waste heat, biomass, and water sources, are also summarised. Recommendations for further research and marketisation of such technologies are made based on detailed performance characterisation and comparison. The review is expected to benefit researchers in heat pumps and relevant applied energy fields to understand the challenges and opportunities in thermal source coupling technology and to promote its research and application development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120571
JournalApplied Energy
Volume332
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Dual source
  • Ground source
  • Heat pump
  • Renewable energy
  • Solar energy
  • Thermal source coupling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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