Advanced Signal Processing in Distributed Acoustic Sensors Based on Submarine Cables for Seismology Applications

Shaoyi Chen, Jun Han, Qi Sui, Kun Zhu, Chao Lu, Zhaohui Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photonic integrated sensing and communication technology based on optical fibers has recently attracted great research attention. In particular, distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) with telecommunication fibers is an emerging technology in the research areas of geology and seismology. With the massive deployment of telecommunication submarine cables, it provides an effective and low-cost approach for studying various oceanic geological and seismic activities. Though there have been some demonstrations of using DAS with submarine cables for the oceanic and geological analysis, no systematic analysis of the method has been presented, especially the signal processing techniques employed for the study. In this work, we discuss the signal processing procedure adopted to carry out seismic analysis using data obtained with the underwater DAS in detail, including the preprocessing of raw DAS data, the seismic recognition after feature extraction and event classification, and the seismic analysis of localization and magnitude estimations. Based on these signal processing methods, we successfully detect and analyze different seismic activities with our underwater DAS testbed, which utilizes the telecommunication submarine cable between two islands in the Pearl River estuary area of South China Sea.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10119132
Pages (from-to)4164-4175
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Volume41
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Distributed acoustic sensing
  • distributed fiber-optic sensing
  • earthquake detection
  • photonic integrated sensing and communication
  • signal processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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