Adoption of an internet-based patient education programme in psychiatric hospitals

M. Anttila, Maritta Anneli Vaelimaeki, M. Koivunen, T. Luukkaala, M. Kaila, A. Pitkänen, R. Kontio

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Major changes in the work of health-care personnel stem from advanced adoption of technology. Information technology programmes targeted for patients with psychiatric problems may fail because there is no caring and supportive staff to use them. The Internet-based programme was well adopted on acute psychiatric inpatient wards. However, organizational variables are important when new information technology programmes are introduced in clinical practice. Internet-based patient support systems are widely assumed to predict a future trend in patient education. Coherent information is still lacking on how patient education is adopted in psychiatric hospitals and how information technology is used in it. Our aim was to describe nurses' adoption of an Internet-based patient education programme and the variables explaining it. The study was based on Rogers' model of the diffusion of innovation. The Internet-based patient education sessions were carried out by nurses on nine acute psychiatric inpatient wards in two Finnish hospitals. They were evaluated with reports and analysed statistically. Out of 100 nurses, 83 adopted the programme during the study period. The nurses fell into Rogers' groups, late majority (72%), laggards (17%), early majority (7%), early adopters (3%) and innovators (1%). Three groups were formed according to their activity: laggards, late majority, adopters (including early majority, early adopters, innovators). There was a statistical difference between the nurses' programme adoption between the two hospitals (P= 0.045): more laggards (65% vs. 35%) and adopters (73% vs. 27%) in the same hospital. The findings help to provide insight into the contexts and settings when adopting information technology programmes in the area of mental health care.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)914-923
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diffusion of innovation
  • Information technology
  • Internet
  • Patient education
  • Psychiatric nurses
  • Technology adoption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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