Adoption and implementation of building information modelling (BIM) in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs): a review and conceptualization

Abdullahi B. Saka, Daniel W.M. Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Despite the SMEs representing a large percentage of firms in the construction industry, there has been an under-representation of SMEs’ perspective in BIM research studies. This paper aims to systematically review the few extant studies with a view of synthesizing the findings. Design/methodology/approach: Hermeneutic philosophy using the interpretivist epistemology approach with a touch of metasynthesis was adopted to critically review and analyse extant studies published over the last decade. Findings: The findings revealed a scarcity of BIM studies in SMEs, the status of adoption, identified barriers, benefits and drivers. A conceptual model was then developed based on the literature review and theoretical lenses of innovation diffusion model, technology–organization–environment framework and institutional theory. The paper presents pertinent propositions to drive BIM in the SMEs. Originality/value: This paper holistically reviews extant BIM studies from the perspective of SMEs that are the backbone of the construction industry. It synthesizes extant studies and sets scenes for further studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1829-1862
Number of pages34
JournalEngineering, Construction and Architectural Management
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Adoption
  • Building information modelling (BIM)
  • Conceptualization
  • Implementation
  • Review
  • Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

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