Adaptive tracking control for active suspension systems with non-ideal actuators

Huihui Pan, Weichao Sun, Xingjian Jing, Huijun Gao, Jianyong Yao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)


However, practical active suspensions commonly suffer from parameter uncertainties (e.g., the variations of payload mass and suspension component parameters), external disturbances and especially the unknown non-ideal actuators (i.e., dead-zone and hysteresis nonlinearities), which always significantly deteriorate the control performance in practice. To overcome these issues, this paper synthesizes an adaptive tracking control strategy for vehicle suspension systems to achieve suspension performance improvements. The proposed control algorithm is formulated by developing a unified framework of non-ideal actuators rather than a separate way, which is a simple yet effective approach to remove the unexpected nonlinear effects. From the perspective of practical implementation, the advantages of the presented controller for active suspensions include that the assumptions on the measurable actuator outputs, the prior knowledge of nonlinear actuator parameters and the uncertain parameters within a known compact set are not required. Furthermore, the stability of the closed-loop suspension system is theoretically guaranteed by rigorous mathematical analysis. Finally, the effectiveness of the presented adaptive control scheme is confirmed using comparative numerical simulation validations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-20
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2017


  • Active suspension systems
  • Actuator nonlinearities
  • Adaptive tracking control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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