Adaptive presentation of learning content based on learners' emotional states

King Kang Tsoi, Vincent To Yee Ng

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review


Learning is a quintessential emotional experience. A learner's performance is affected by his emotions. It is essential for a learning system to observe a learner's emotions and response with appropriate learning contents. In this paper, we propose a mechanism to adapt the presentation and difficulty level of contents with respect to the learner's emotional states. The goal is to sustain the learner's curiosity and fascination and to minimize anxiety. The learner's emotional states are detected and the appropriate adaptive presentation method is selected accordingly. The proposed system uses Markov chain as a mean to estimate the emotions. A brief discussion on how to obtain the transitional probabilities of different emotional states is also provided.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICEL 2006 - International Conference on e-Learning
PublisherAcademic Conferences Limited
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)1905305222
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006
Event1st International Conference on e-Learning, ICEL 2006 - University of Quebec at Montreal, Montreal, Canada
Duration: 22 Jun 200623 Jun 2006


Conference1st International Conference on e-Learning, ICEL 2006


  • Adaptive presentation
  • E-learning
  • Emotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems
  • Education


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