It is well known that polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) backscattering features are highly influenced by the variation of incidence angle (VIA), which usually hampers the classification of most grazing-angle-sensitive targets, such as land and ocean targets. To relieve this issue, various feature extraction approaches have been suggested to enhance the class discriminability while reducing the observed feature dimensionality. The Laplacian eigenmap-based dimension reduction (DR) has been proven to be an effective way to deal with VIA problems, provided that the manifold parameters [e.g., the heat kernel (HK)] have been optimally sought, which is often difficult in practice. In this letter, an adaptive Laplacian eigenmap-based DR method is presented to find a learned subspace where the local geometry with discriminative prior knowledge is preserved as much as possible while near optimal HK and scale factor parameters are automatically identified. The learned feature representation is then employed for the subsequent classification. The improved Laplacian eigenmap algorithm was validated by three uninhabited-aerial-vehicle-synthetic-aperture-radar L-band PolSAR images from the Gulf Deepwater Horizon oil spill, which were clearly impacted by the VIA phenomenon. The experimental results showed that the proposed algorithm works well in ocean target discrimination compared with the current common methods.
- Adaptive Laplacian eigenmaps
- dimension reduction (DR)
- polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering