Adapted Taekwondo Training for Prepubertal Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Ada W.W. Ma, Shirley S.M. Fong (Corresponding Author), X. Guo, Karen P.Y. Liu, Daniel Y.T. Fong, Young Hyeon Bae, Lily Yuen, Yoyo T.Y. Cheng, William W.N. Tsang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This study evaluated the effectiveness of adapted Taekwondo (TKD) training on skeletal development and motor performance in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). One hundred forty-five prepubertal children with DCD were allocated to either the TKD or control groups. Children in the TKD group participated in a weekly 1-hour adapted TKD intervention and daily TKD home exercises for 12 weeks. The primary outcome (delay in skeletal development) and secondary outcomes (Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC) total impairment score, eye-hand coordination (EHC) scores, and a standing balance score) were measured at baseline, after the intervention and 3 months after the intervention. Skeletal development improved in both groups over time (p < 0.017). The TKD group had a significant delay in skeletal development at baseline compared to the control group (p = 0.003) but caught up with the controls at 3 months (p = 0.041). Improvements in the MABC scores were also seen in both groups across time (p < 0.017). Only the TKD group had a significant improvement in the EHC movement time at 3 (p = 0.009) and 6 months (p = 0.016). The adapted TKD intervention may be effective in improving the skeletal development and EHC movement time of children with DCD. For motor performance, the effect of maturation might be more profound.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10330
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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