Aims/Introduction: Diabetic hearts are more vulnerable to ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/RI). The activation of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome can mediate the inflammatory process, and hence might contribute to myocardial I/RI. Activation of autophagy can eliminate excess reactive oxygen species and alleviate myocardial I/RI in diabetes. The present study aimed to investigate whether the activation of autophagy can alleviate diabetic myocardial I/RI through inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Materials and Methods: A dose of 65 mg/kg streptozotocin was given by tail vein injection to establish a type 1 diabetes model in the rats. The left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 2 h to establish a myocardial I/RI model. H9C2 cardiomyocytes were exposed to high glucose (33 mmol/L) and subjected to hypoxia–reoxygenation (6 h hypoxia followed by 4 h reoxygenation). Results: The diabetic rats showed significant inhibition of cardiac autophagy (decreased LC3-II/I and increased p62) that was concomitant with increased activation of NLRP3 inflammasome (increased NLRP3, apoptosis-related spots protein cleaved caspase-1, interleukin-18, interleukin-1β) and more severe myocardial I/RI (elevated creatine kinase myocardial band, lactate dehydrogenase and larger infarct size). However, administration of rapamycin, an inhibitor of the autophagy, to activate autophagy resulted in the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome, and finally alleviated myocardial I/RI. In vitro, high glucose inhibited autophagy, while activating NLRP3 inflammasome in H9C2 cardiomyocytes and aggravating hypoxia–reoxygenation injury, but rapamycin reversed these adverse effects of high glucose. Conclusion: Activation of autophagy can suppress the formation of NLRP3 inflammasome, which in turn attenuates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in diabetic rats.
- Diabetic myocardium
- Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury
- Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 inflammasome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism