Achieving ultrahigh instantaneous power density of 10 MW/m2 by leveraging the opposite-charge-enhanced transistor-like triboelectric nanogenerator (OCT-TENG)

Hao Wu, Steven Wang, Zuankai Wang, Yunlong Zi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Converting various types of ambient mechanical energy into electricity, triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) has attracted worldwide attention. Despite its ability to reach high open-circuit voltage up to thousands of volts, the power output of TENG is usually meager due to the high output impedance and low charge transfer. Here, leveraging the opposite-charge-enhancement effect and the transistor-like device design, we circumvent these limitations and develop a TENG that is capable of delivering instantaneous power density over 10 MW/m2 at a low frequency of ~ 1 Hz, far beyond that of the previous reports. With such high-power output, 180 W commercial lamps can be lighted by a TENG device. A vehicle bulb containing LEDs rated 30 W is also wirelessly powered and able to illuminate objects further than 0.9 meters away. Our results not only set a record of the high-power output of TENG but also pave the avenues for using TENG to power the broad practical electrical appliances.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5470
JournalNature Communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General
  • General Physics and Astronomy

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