Achieving 'excellent' indoor air quality in commercial offices equipped with air-handling unit - Respirable suspended particulate

Ka Se Lam, F. S. Chan, W. Y. Fung, B. S.S. Lui, L. W.L. Lau

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


A study was carried out to investigate the feasibility of achieving ultra low respirable suspended particulates (RSP) in commercial offices without major modification of existing ventilation systems by enhancing the particulates removal efficiency of existing central ventilation systems. Four types of filters which include pre-filters, cartridge filters, bag filters and high efficiency particulates air (HEPA) filters were tested in a commercial building in Causeway Bay. The results show that an RSP objective of <20 μg/m3could be met by removing RSP from both the return air and outdoor air supply simultaneously. This level of performance is classed as 'excellent' by the Hong Kong Government, Environmental Protection Department. Filters with efficiency that exceed 80% placed both in the return air and outdoor air were sufficient to meet the objective. It is not necessary to install HEPA filters to achieve the 'excellent' class. The outdoor air filter has great influence on the steady state indoor RSP concentration while the effective cleaning rate is governed by the return air filter. Higher efficiency filters increased the static drop but the volume flow of the air fan was not affected significantly. The additional cost incurred was <5% of the existing operation cost.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-97
Number of pages12
JournalIndoor Air
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2006


  • Air-handling unit
  • Cleaning rate
  • Filters
  • Indoor air quality
  • Offices
  • Respirable suspended particulates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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